Robotics - العلم نور

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الجمعة، 8 فبراير 2019

Robotics


Robotics



When we want to talk about robotics, we are talking about the creativity of science and engineering together. Mechanical, electronic and information engineering cooperate with computer science, design, construction, operation as well as the use of computer systems to create such amazing robotics.
What Robots Mean?
It's a good question. You can say that they are machines which can be developed by new technologies and replicate human actions. There are lots of situations and purposes for which robots can be, but they are mainly used in dangerous environments, manufacturing processes, or in space. Robots mostly take the appearance of humans in order to be accepted in certain behaviors usually performed by people; Such as speech, walking, lifting, and anything a human can do.
Robotic aspects
Although there are many types of robots according to the usage of them for many different purposes and in many different environments, they all share three basic things in their construction:
1.    In order for the to complete the assigned task and deal with the environment around it, the mechanical aspect is constructed by the creator of the robot to achieve the required task. For example, caterpillar tracks are designed for the robot which is used to travel across heavy dirt or mud. So, the form follows the function.
2.    Electrical components are required for all robots in order to power and control the machinery. That electricity requires a wire to travel through and a battery to originate from as a basic electrical circuit in order to generate power, even petrol-powered machines also require an electric current to start the combustion process. The electrical aspect of robots is used for movement, sensing and operation.
3.    Computer programming code is required for all robots at different levels, we can name it "the brain of the robot" by which the robot decides when or how to do something. In the caterpillar track example, the robot needs a program telling it to move. The performance of the robot depends on the construction of the Programs as they are the core essence of any robot. There are three different types of robotic programs: remote control, artificial intelligence and hybrid.
Robotics Applications
Robots are used in many applications according to the purpose or the specific task for which the robot is designed. For example, the robots which are designed for assembly work, won't be adaptable for other applications. Some robots are specifically designed for heavy load duty work, and are called "heavy duty robots". Here are some fields in which robots may be applicable:
-        Military Robots
These robots are used for the military purposes.
-        Industrial Robots
ü In manufacturing.
ü Automotive industry.
-        Collaborative Robots
-        Construction Robots
Construction robots can be separated into three types:
1.    Traditional robots.
2.    Robotic arm.
3.    Robotic exoskeleton.
-        Agriculture Robots
ü Perform a herding task.
ü Drone usage.
-        Medical Robots
ü Facilitate a complex surgery such as da Vinci surgical system
ü Used in healthcare such as HOSPI
-        Kitchen Automation and Domestic Robots
Such as that used for household chores, education and entertainment.


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